Pollination:  Who pollinates these flowers?

  1. 1.Insects (bees/wasps, beetles, butterflies/ moths, flies) – diurnal or nocturnal;
    good chemical sense (smell) and good vision
  2. 2.Hummingbirds – diurnal; poor sense of smell; good vision; broad color vision
  3. 3.Bats – nocturnal; good sense of smell; decent vision
                . . . so . . .
 
What differences should there be in flowers pollinated by these different pollinators?


                           Costa Rica, Lantana,  Copyright James K. Adams, 1985


                                     Costa Rica, Hibiscus,  Copyright James K. Adams, 1985

   
                                           Mexico,  Copyright James K. Adams, 1988


                                                        Costa Rica,  Copyright James K. Adams, 1985


                                         Mexico, Agave, Copyright James K. Adams, 1988

 Orchids and orchid bees

Yucca and Yucca Moths