Lymphatic/Immune/Respiratory System Structures - To know for the lab practical
   
     *KNOW epithelial linings AND support tissues of respiratory system structures
                                                                           
BIOLOGY 2213: James Adams
Lymphatic System
I. Lymphatic Vessels: Capillaries, including lacteals; main trunks/ducts (lumbar, intenstinal,
        bronchomediastinal, subclavian, jugular trunks; right lymphatic, thoracic ducts)
     Cisterna chyli
II. Lymphoid Organs: Follicles/germinating centers; cortex/medulla with medullary cords
        Diffuse Lymphatic Tissue
   
     Lymph nodes (with afferent/efferent vessels exiting hilus/hilum) -- inguinal, axillary, and
            cervical groups
   
     Spleen (with red/white pulp)
   
     Thymus
   
     Tonsils (with crypts): pharyngeal (adenoids) and tubal, palatine, and lingual in/on 
                nasopharynx, oropharynx and tongue, respectively
   
     Peyer=s Patches (in ileum) and Appendix

Respiratory System*
CONDUCTING ZONE
   
I. Nose/Nasal Cavities: (bounded by hard/soft palate [uvula] on floor)
   
     External/Internal nares
   
     Nasal Conchae/Meati
   
     Paranasal Sinuses
   
II. Pharynx: see Tonsils, under lymphatic system (above)
   
     Nasopharynx, with tubal/pharyngeal tonsils
   
     Oropharynx, with palatine tonsils
         Laryngopharynx
   
III. Larynx (Voice Box)
         Epiglottis/glottis
   
     Vocal cords/folds
   
     Cartilages: know thyroid (laryngeal prominence), cricoid, and arytenoid
   
     Cricothyroid ligament
   
     Hyoid bone
   
IV. Trachea (with hyaline cartilage C-rings and trachealis muscles)
   
V. Bronchial Tree  -- 
         Carina (hyaline cartilage wedge) at base of trachea; begins separation of . . .
    
    Primary bronchi (R & L), secondary (lobar) bronchi
   
     Bronchioles (including terminal)

RESPIRATORY ZONE
   
V. (continued). Respiratory bronchioles
   
VI. Alveoli
           
Respiratory membrane

 


VII. Lungs
        Landmarks: Apex/base, root/hilus, cardiac notch (on L)
   
     Stroma
   
     Lobes
   
     Vessels: Pulmonary arteries/veins, bronchial arteries/veins
   
     Pleurae: Parietal/visceral
         Muscles:  diaphragm, intercostals