Chapter 11


  1. The United States and Canada produce _______ percent of the world GNI.
    1. 10
    2. 15
    3. 25
    4. 33


  1. The largest minority in the United States is:
    1. Spanish-speaking.
    2. African American.
    3. Asian American.
    4. Native American.


  1. In the mid-1700s, the _________ became the dominant colonial power in North America.
    1. French
    2. Dutch
    3. British
    4. Spanish


  1. Canada gained a degree of independence through the British North America Act in:
    1. 1776.
    2. 1789.
    3. 1800.
    4. 1867.


  1. The primary resource for the Native Americans who lived on the plains between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains was:

d.   deer.

    1. salmon.
    2. bison.
    3. groundhogs.


  1. The first commercial crop of the British North American colonies was:
    1. cotton.
    2. wheat.
    3. tea.
    4. tobacco.


  1. Loyalists fleeing the incipient United States at the time of the American Revolution settled:
    1. east of the St. Lawrence Valley.
    2. on the north and west shores of Lake Ontario.
    3. both a and b above
    4. neither a nor b above


  1. Industrialization in the United States first grew rapidly when transportation came to be based on the:
    1. canal.
    2. railroad.
    3. truck.
    4. airplane.


  1. The first immigrants to the United States after the Native Americans came from:
    1. Asia.
    2. Africa.
    3. Southern Europe.
    4. Northwestern Europe.


  1. Building larger factories to make more goods and thus reduce the price of an individual item is:
    1. management.
    2. amortization.
    3. economies of scale.
    4. vertical integration.


  1. Horizontal integration means that:
    1. factories are all on one floor.
    2. one owner acquires many companies producing the same product.
    3. factories are built on flat land.
    4. none of the above


  1. In vertical integration,
    1. one owner produces the inputs of a product, the product itself, and then another product that uses the first product.
    2. factories are built with many stories.
    3. products spread by hierarchical diffusion.
    4. managers attain higher education.


  1. Fordism is:
    1. an advertising campaign by the Ford Motor Company.
    2. assembly of many components to make a few models of a product using a production line.
    3. an educational system for automobile workers.
    4. capitalism.


  1. In the late 1800s, the majority of immigrants to the United States came from:
    1. Eastern and Southern Europe.
    2. Northern and Western Europe.
    3. Asia.
    4. Africa.


  1. In the mid-1900s, the  main sources of immigrants were:
    1. Africa and the Middle East.
    2. Australia and New Zealand.
    3. Northern and Western Europe.
    4. Asia and Latin America.




  1. The majority of African Americans live in the:
    1. Midwest.
    2. Southwest.
    3. Southeast.
    4. Pacific Northwest.


  1. The most important source of income to many Native American groups is:
    1. agriculture.
    2. manufacturing.
    3. cultural tourism.
    4. gambling casinos.


  1. Francophones, or French-speaking people, make up about ___________ percent of the Canadian population.
    1. 10
    2. 25
    3. 50
    4. 75


  1. Which group is not a major part of the opposition to independence for Quebec?
    1. English-speaking and other business owners
    2. recent, diverse immigrants
    3. native Cree people
    4. all of the above are opposed to independence


  1. The plate on the Pacific side of the San Andreas Fault is moving:
    1. northward.
    2. southward.
    3. under the plate on the landward side.
    4. over the plate on the landward side.


  1. Most of the population of Canada lives:
    1. along the Pacific Coast.
    2. along the Atlantic Coast.
    3. in the North.
    4. in a narrow band near the U.S. border.


  1. After the United States government removed controls on farming in 1996, exports to ________ grew especially rapidly.
    1. Canada
    2. Africa
    3. China
    4. Latin America
  2. The value of manufactured products exceeded the value of agricultural products for the first time in:
    1. 1820.
    2. 1860.
    3. 1875.
    4. 1900.
  3. The rapid growth of suburbs after 1945 depended on the development of:
    1. railroads.
    2. airlines.
    3. limited-access highways.
    4. canals


  1. New England’s economic boom of the 1990s, known as the “Massachusetts Miracle,” was based on:
    1. high-tech industries.
    2. steel.
    3. textiles.
    4. leather goods.


  1. The economic fortunes of Appalachia have been based on the unstable market for:
    1. water power.
    2. tobacco
    3. coal.
    4. manufactured goods.


  1. The Southern rural region that is one of the materially poorest in the United States is:
    1. the Florida Panhandle.
    2. the Carolina Piedmont.
    3. the Mississippi Delta.
    4. southern Georgia.


  1. A second U.S. core, besides Megalopolis, is the:
    1. Front Range of the Rockies.
    2. southern end of Lake Michigan.
    3. Georgia Piedmont.
    4. West Coast.


  1. Most of Canada’s commercial timber production comes from:
    1. Ontario.
    2. the northern forests.
    3. Quebec.
    4. the West Coast.


  1. The Canadian region receiving the most federal economic aid is:
    1. the Atlantic provinces.
    2. Quebec.
    3. the Prairie provinces.
    4. British Columbia.


  1. The growth of Toronto in the mid-1900s was based on:
    1. the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway.
    2. the flight of English-speaking people from an increasingly nationalistic Quebec.
    3. expansion of the role of Toronto as the capital of Ontario.
    4. all of the above
  2. A major factor in the decline of the Native American populations after the arrival of Europeans was disease.  T/F


  1. The economy of the Middle Colonies was characterized by plantation agriculture.  T/F


  1. The rate of population increase in the United States is similar to that of other materially wealthy countries.  T/F


  1. Immigrants often have higher birth rates and younger age structures than long-established populations.  T/F


  1. The primary factor in whether or not  immigrants—legal and illegal—come to the United States is legislation.  T/F


  1. The current image of the American population mixture is the “salad bowl.”   T/F


  1. The United States has more tornadoes each year than any other country.  T/F


  1. The delta of the Mississippi is shrinking because of dams along the Mississippi River.  T/F


  1. The best soils in the United States are in the Southeast.  T/F


  1. Since 1991, the United States has been the world’s sole superpower.  T/F


  1. Some U.S. states raise more venture capital than some foreign countries.  T/F


  1. The gap between the materially wealthy and the materially poor in the United States is shrinking.  T/F


  1. The growing affluence in the United States in the 1900s was urban-based.  T/F


  1. Air travel and telecommunications provide a vital infrastructure for future economic growth because they reduce the costs of distance between places.  T/F


  1. Throughout U.S. history, most people have lived in cities.  T/F


  1. In the late 1900s, the Manufacturing Belt has revived based on renewed growth in the steel industry and growth in services.  T/F


  1. Recent immigrants have tended to congregate in Canadian cities but are not segregated by discrimination.  T/F


  1. Canada’s provinces have less autonomy than do U.S. states.  T/F


  1. The ___________ is a political party formed to achieve independence for Quebec.


  1. In the 1930s, cultivation of dry lands in the Great Plains resulted in the ____________.


  1. The _______________ is charged with “maintenance of international peace and security.”
  2. The trading agreement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico is _________.


  1. The population cluster along the eastern seaboard from Boston to Washington, DC, is called ______________________.


  1. The growing disparity between materially wealthy and poor in a country is known as ____________.


  1. The federal program designed to attack the problem of poverty in Southern Appalachia in 1933 is the ______________________.


  1. The part of the city where  the largest stores, banks, and offices cluster is the ______________.


  1. The movement of materially wealthy people into inner cities, displacing materially poor people, is called _________________.


  1. The distinctive settlement pattern along the St. Lawrence River, developed by the early French settlers to give everyone access to the river, is called _____________.


  1. Canada’s newest political division is _____________________.