Chapter 6


  1. In 1967 Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines established:
    1. NATO.
    2. The UN.
    3. ASEAN.
    4. WHO.


  1. In the 800s and the 1200s, Cambodia was the center of which empire?
    1. Lao
    2. Chinese
    3. Khmer
    4. Roman


  1. Monks from ___________ brought Buddhism to Burma (Myanmar).
    1. India
    2. China
    3. Japan
    4. Sri Lanka


  1. The valley of the ________ River was the center of a Vietnamese kingdom by the first century B.C.
    1. Red
    2. Mekong
    3. Chao Phraya
    4. Irrawaddy


  1. The dominant religion in Indonesia and Malaysia is:
    1. Islam.
    2. Christianity.
    3. Buddhism.
    4. Hinduism.


  1. Which of the following is not correct regarding the Aborigines of Australia?
    1. The population was about 200,000 to 500,000 at the time the Europeans arrived.
    2. They had an animistic religion.
    3. They were nomadic hunters.
    4. They all spoke the same language.


  1. The Maori of New Zealand came from:
    1. Australia.
    2. China.
    3. South America.
    4. South Pacific islands.
  2. The only dominantly Christian country in Southeast Asia is:
    1. the Philippines.
    2. Vietnam.
    3. Laos.
    4. Thailand.
  3. The colonial ruler of Indonesia was:
    1. Britain.
    2. Spain.
    3. the Netherlands.
    4. Portugal.


  1. The British brought workers from __________ to work in Malaya’s tin mines.
    1. India
    2. Japan
    3. China
    4. England


  1. While Burma was a British colony, it received a large number of migrants from:
    1. India.
    2. China.
    3. Sri Lanka.
    4. England.


  1. The city-state of _________________ left Malaysia in 1965 to form an independent country.
    1. Singapore
    2. Brunei
    3. Kuala Lumpur
    4. Hanoi


  1. The war between North and South Vietnam ended in ________, leading to the unification of the two countries as Vietnam.
    1. 1954
    2. 1965
    3. 1970
    4. 1975


  1. The world’s largest Islamic state is:
    1. Algeria.
    2. Iraq.
    3. Iran.
    4. Indonesia.


15.  The first European settlers in Australia were:

            a.  religious dissenters.

            b.  merchants.

            c.  prisoners.

            d.  utopian.


16.  The main colonizers in the South Pacific Islands were the:

            a.  French.

            b.  Americans.

            c.  British.

            d.  Germans.


17.  Areas within _______ degrees of the equator have hot and rainy weather all year.

            a.  10

            b.  15

            c.  20

            d.  30


18. The parts of Australia that are least subject to drought are:

    1. around the coasts.
    2. in the interior.
    3. at Ayres Rock.
    4. in the far west.


19. An atoll is an island that has:

    1. a volcanic center and a coral reef around the shores.
    2. a volcanic center, surrounded by a lagoon and a coral reef.
    3. a lagoon in the middle and a coral reef surrounding it.
    4. a folded and faulted mountain range caused by the clash of tectonic plates.


  1. The line that separates Asian from Australian plant and animal species in   Indonesia is called the:
    1. Mason-Dixon Line.
    2. free-throw line.
    3. Wallace Line.
    4. International Date Line.


  1. About half the native animals of Australia are __________, which raise their young in pouches.
    1. birds
    2. reptiles
    3. rabbits
    4. marsupials


  1. An animal import that has been a particular pest in Australia is the:
    1. domestic cat.
    2. rabbit.
    3. mouse.
    4. horse.


  1. Which of the following countries is not one of those through which the Mekong River flows?
    1. Thailand
    2. Vietnam
    3. Laos
    4. Malaysia


  1. Life close to plate boundaries involves the hazards of:
    1. drought and floods.
    2. dust storms.
    3. earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
    4. blizzards.


  1. Australia’s Great Barrier Reef, as well as low coral islands in the Pacific, are vulnerable to:
    1. sea-level rise from global warming.
    2. earthquake damage.
    3. snowstorms.
    4. tornadoes.


  1. The 1990s were declared the “Land Care” decade in:
    1. New Zealand.
    2. Cambodia.
    3. Malaysia.
    4. Australia.


  1. New Zealand risks anger of the United States by:
    1. its export policies for dairy products and fruit.
    2. its restrictions on visas.
    3. refusing to allow nuclear-powered ships in its territorial waters.
    4. its human rights record.


  1. Particularly subject to pirate attacks is the:
    1. Tasman Sea.
    2. Serasun Strait.
    3. Sulu Sea.
    4. Strait of Malacca.


  1. Economic development in the former Indo-China (Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam) has been slowed by:
    1. military and Communist governments.
    2. warfare.
    3. lack of resources.
    4. a and b above


  1. In 1999, after years of Portuguese, and then Indonesian occupation, _________ became independent with UN help.
    1. Irian Jaya
    2. Papua New Guinea
    3. East Timor
    4. the Moluccas


  1. The Southeast Asian country that was ruled by the United States from 1898 to 1946 is:
    1. Vietnam.
    2. Cambodia.
    3. the Philippines.
    4. Malaysia.


  1. The oil-rich Southeast Asian country that is ruled by a Muslim sheik is:
    1. Indonesia.
    2. Brunei.
    3. Singapore.
    4. Laos.
  2. Chinese make up about _______ percent of Southeast Asia’s population.
    1. 15
    2. 12
    3. 10
    4. 7


  1. The central heart of Thailand is the valley of which river?
    1. Irrawaddy
    2. Salween
    3. Chao Phraya
    4. Mekong


  1. The Khmer Rouge killed almost 2 million people in:
    1. Vietnam.
    2. Laos.
    3. Cambodia.
    4. Myanmar.


  1. After the unification of Vietnam under the Communist North Vietnam government, refugees known as “boat people” were primarily of which ethnic group?
    1. Chinese
    2. Malay
    3. Karen
    4. Shan


  1. The economic crisis in Southeast Asia in the late 1990s was precipitated by:
    1. overlending by banks.
    2. a famine.
    3. HIV/AIDS.
    4. a typhoon.


  1. Australia and New Zealand share all these problems except:
    1. low education levels.
    2. great distances from traditional markets.
    3. transition from historic colonial ties to Europe to closer involvement with the Pacific Rim.
    4. small local markets.


  1. Most Australians live in the:
    1. West.
    2. North.
    3. Southeast.
    4. Southwest.


  1. The least populated political division in Australia is
    1. Victoria.
    2. New South Wales.
    3. Western Australia.
    4. Northern Territory.
  2. Today, most immigrants to Australia come from:
    1. Britain.
    2. continental Northwestern Europe.
    3. Asia.
    4. the United States.


  1. Both Australia and New Zealand are developing new markets in:
    1. Asia.
    2. Europe.
    3. South America.
    4. North America.


  1. Over one-half of Australia’s foreign tourists come from:
    1. the United States.
    2. Europe.
    3. Asia.
    4. Africa.


  1. Until the late 1900s, divisions rather than cohesion characterized Southeast Asia.



  1. Australia was the last inhabited continent to be explored by Europeans.  T/F


  1. Sheep farming really became established in New Zealand after the invention of barbed wire.



  1. The Maori of New Zealand are more integrated into New Zealand society than the Aborigines are in Australia.  T/F


  1. Coral atoll islands in the South Pacific have abundant rainfall.  T/F


  1. Australia is the flattest continent because it is far from any plate boundaries.  T/.F


  1. The experience with globalization in Southeast Asia was different from that in Australia and New Zealand.  T/F


  1. Southeast Asia’s long coastlines have encouraged interaction among islands and with South and East Asia.  T/F


  1. Indonesia’s main period of economic growth was under President Sukarno.  T/F


      53. Ethnic Chinese communities are significant in all Southeast Asian countries.  T/F


      54. The chief beneficiaries of the Green Revolution were poor farmers.  T/F


      55. Australia has a federal form of government.       T/F


      56. The islands now called Indonesia were formerly called __________________.


      57. The only country of Southeast Asia that did not become a European colony was



      58. The countries of East Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia and New Zealand, and the

            countries of the Americas that front the Pacific Ocean are collectively called the



  1. A well in which water naturally rises to the surface because of pressure on the underground layers of rock is called _____________________.


  1. Myanmar was formerly called _________________________.