Identifying Independent and Dependent Clauses: Practice 2
Answer Key

An independent clause, also known as a simple sentence, includes a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.

                    Example: Juliet, a border collie puppy, prefers to chase apples and pears.
                                      Subject                                           Verb

A dependent clause has a subject and verb, is introduced by a subordinate conjunction or a relative pronoun, but does not express a complete thought.  A dependent clause is not a complete sentence.

         Example: Because the heavy rains flooded the entrance to the subdivision.
                           Sub. Conj.                        Subject     Verb

          Example:  After Laura carefully read the assigned chapter.
                        
Sub. Conj. Subject                    Verb

Determine whether the underlined word groups are dependent clauses, independent clauses, or not a clause.

1. Juan continued playing although he injured his knee Dependent clause
                                      sub. con.  S   Verb

2. I thought that the offer was too good to be true. Dependent clause (introduced by the relative pronoun that)

3. While I was scrubbing the floors, Juliet was watching television.  Dependent clause
   


4. Although tired and grumpy, Laura agreed to babysit for her sister-in-law. Not a clause--no subject, no verb

5. Inspired and energized, Sean solved the case of the missing energy drink. Independent clause

6. While driving home from spring break, Maria saw a tornado touch down.  Not a clause--no subject

7.  People who drink and drive should be arrested.  Dependent clause

8.  Ever since my daughter purchased a ferret, I have noticed that authors describe their bad
     guys as ferret-like. Dependent clause

9.  Such descriptions are not fair to ferrets. Independent clause

10. Since I could not go to the Pancake Breakfast, I gave away my tickets. Dependent clause